The Sistema Centraldescribed as the "dorsal spine" of the Meseta Central, divides the Meseta into northern and southern subregions, the former higher in elevation and smaller in area than the latter. Teide, a dormant volcanois the highest peak of Spain and the third largest volcano in the world from its base.
The barren, rugged slopes of this mountain range cover an area of close to 21, square kilometers. The mountains that rise up above the Mediterranean Sea to form these islands are an extension of the Sistema Penibetico. Particularly affected are the high areas of the central plateau and southern and eastern parts of Spain.
For years afterward, Spanish explorers and conquerors traveled the world, claiming huge territories for the Spanish crown, a succession of Castilian, Aragonese, Habsburgand Bourbon rulers. In due course these sediments were pushed by major earth movements into mountain ranges. The highest peaks, formed from a core of ancient crystalline rocks, are found in the central Pyrenees—notably Aneto Peak at 11, feet 3, metres —but those of the west, including Anie Peak at 8, feet 2, metresare not much lower.
Alcazar fortress of Toledo, Spain. In the southeast the Iberian Cordillera links with the Baetic Cordilleraalso a result of Alpine earth movements. Most major rivers rise in the mountains rimming or dissecting the Meseta Central and flow westward across the plateau through Portugal to empty into the Atlantic Ocean.
The southeastern side of this range drops almost vertically by more than 3, feet 1, metres to the Guadalquivir depression.
The Coastal Plains regions are narrow strips between the coastal mountains and the seas. The river broadens out along its course, reaching its widest point at the Golfo de Cadiz. Floods and erosion[ edit ]. On their northern and northwestern sides they flank the low-lying and fairly flat Guadalquivir basin, the average elevation of which is only feet metres on mainly clay strata.
In those countries we are looking at the habits of around or less than half the adult population. The Canary Islands in the Atlantic are of volcanic origin and contain the highest peak on Spanish territory, Teide Peakwhich rises to 12, feet 3, metres on the island of Tenerife.
The Rio Guadalquivir is one of the most significant rivers in Spain because it irrigates a fertile valley, thus creating a rich agricultural area, and because it is navigable inland, making Seville the only inland river port for ocean-going traffic in Spain.
The mountains fall steeply on the northern side but descend in terraces to the Ebro River trough in the south. The large central islands, Tenerife and Gran Canariahave the highest peaks. Other landforms include narrow coastal plains and some lowland river valleys, the most prominent of which is the Andalusian Plain in the southwest.
Brown forest soils are restricted to humid Galicia and Cantabria.
Only the Ebro River has a relatively constant and substantial flow—19, cubic feet cubic metres per second at Tortosa—coming from snowmelt as well as rainfall in the high Pyrenees.
The hydrographic network on the Mediterranean side of the watershed is poorly developed in comparison with the Atlantic systems, partly because it falls into the climatically driest parts of Spain.
Offshore in the Mediterranean, the Balearic Islands are an unsubmerged portion of the Baetic Cordillera.Spain also rules two cities in North Africa and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic. The interior of Spain is a high, dry plateau surrounded and crisscrossed by mountain ranges.
Rivers run to the coasts, creating good farmland. Still, the interior of the country gets very hot in summer and very cold and dry in the winter. Droughts are common. Spain: A Country Study.
Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, Acknowledgments Preface. History IBERIA HISPANIA AL ANDALUS CASTILE AND ARAGON Geography External Boundaries and Landform Regions Rivers Climate. The Society POPULATION ETHNICITY AND LANGUAGE Government Policies The. With an area ofkm 2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe (behind France) and the fourth largest country in the European continent (behind Russia, Ukraine and France).
It has an average altitude of m. Spain is a country found on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe with coastlines on the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
Throughout its history, Spain has had an important influence on European culture, a trend that continues to this day.
Mostly thanks to a sunny climate, beautiful historic cities, and clean beaches, Spain is one of. Geography and Climate of Spain Today most of Spain's area is located in southwestern Europe on the mainland of the country that is south of France and the Pyrenees Mountains and east of Portugal.
However, it also has territory in Morocco, the cities of Ceuta and Melilla, islands off the coast of Morocco as well as the Canary Islands in the. The severe constitutional crisis triggered by Catalonia’s push for separation will test the strength of Spain’s post–financial crisis economy, the rebound of which was facilitated by structural reforms highlighted by a reduction of the inefficient and oversized government sector, labor market reforms, and restoration of the financial sector’s .Download