Happiness or duty: aristotle and kants approach on moral reason essay

It is what makes man stand out from all other creatures. Plato holds that either the spirited part which houses anger, as well as other emotions or the appetitive part which houses the desire for physical pleasures can disrupt the dictates of reason and result in action contrary to reason.

What are the similarities and differences of the ethical theories of Aristotle and Immanuel Kant?

If their value thereby becomes the source of the rightness of our actions — say, our actions are right if and because they treat that self-standing value in various ways — then her reading too is teleological.

Difference Between Aristotle and Kant Aristotle defines the highest good as happiness. Often, however, we fail to effectively so govern ourselves because we are imperfect rational beings who are caused to act by our non—rational desires and inclinations.

His theory elucidates the nature of virtue, but what must be done on any particular occasion by a virtuous agent depends on the circumstances, and these vary so much from one occasion to another that there is no possibility of stating a series of rules, however complicated, that collectively solve every practical problem.

Personally, the idea that there are two types of virtues, intellectual and moral, is also an interesting thought. These doctrines of the mean help show what is attractive about the virtues, and they also help systematize our understanding of which qualities are virtues.

The soul is analyzed into a connected series of capacities: Good will is thus the object and subject; it is never a product of some other act. But egoism is sometimes understood in a stronger sense. There is another contrast with Plato that should be emphasized: His theories were more teleological, because they could be situational.

This formulation states that we should never act in such a way that we treat humanity, whether in ourselves or in others, as a means only but always as an end in itself.

These are qualities one learns to love when one is a child, and having been properly habituated, one no longer looks for or needs a reason to exercise them.

The Stoics saw a proof of virtue in the fact that there were people like Socrates, Antisthenes, and Diogenes. I believe Kant would answer thus. Virtue as a habitual state of mind, strong character of the individual are directly correlated with practiced in the society habits and mores.

Aristotle argued that a person was virtuous if he upheld goodwill for the greatest good and made choices based on that ideal. Kant argued that empirical observations could only deliver conclusions about, for instance, the relative advantages of moral behavior in various circumstances or how pleasing it might be in our own eyes or the eyes of others.

The answer to this question may be that Aristotle does not intend Book VI to provide a full answer to that question, but rather to serve as a prolegomenon to an answer.

Both men argued that an act was moral is if were undertaken with a moral cause in mind. Ultimately, the individual should show their distress and anger but in a civilized manner; letting the friend know about the wrong doing and the implications of his or her actions.

As for Kant, it is moving in the opposite direction. Our choice is nonetheless free and attributable to us because our will was involved in leading us to take the act to be rational and reasonable. Her actions then express her own will and not the will of someone or something else.

Simply put, your intentions are for the sole purpose of making a positive affect. Nevertheless, some see arguments in Groundwork II that establish just this.

The imperfect friendships that Aristotle focuses on, however, are not unequal relationships based on good character. We cannot do so, because our own happiness is the very end contained in the maxim of giving ourselves over to pleasure rather than self-development.

The duty of beneficence, on the other hand, is characterized as wide and imperfect because it does not specify exactly how much assistance we must provide to others. First, unlike anything else, there is no conceivable circumstance in which we regard our own moral goodness as worth forfeiting simply in order to obtain some desirable object.

But they play a subordinate role, because we seek relaxation in order to return to more important activities. First, the Humanity Formula does not rule out using people as means to our ends. But the theory proposed in the later Book brings out a point that had received too little attention earlier: Perhaps, then, he realizes how little can be accomplished, in the study of ethics, to provide it with a rational foundation.Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Essay example Words | 5 Pages.

In Book 1 of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, he argues that happiness is the best good, and the goal of an individual and of those leading and governing society. Aristotle and Immanuel Kant are similar in their aapproaches to ethics in so far as they both admire reason or rationality.

Ethical Theories of Aristotle and Immanuel Kant

Also, their ethics. Aristotle’s teleological ethics: the reason for being. Aristotle focused on the peoples actions whether good or bad, as well as their character, not there right or wrong actions. Immanuel Kant () branches of philosophy included contributions to metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics.

Happiness or Duty: Aristotle and Kants Approach on Moral Reason Essay Sample Both Aristotle and Kant have written teachings dealing with reasoning in ethics. This is as far as the similarity between the two goes. The most important task of ethics is that of truncated, incomplete syllogisms of actions, which they have been in the theories of Aristotle and Kant, to approach to the full.i.e.

to find solutions in which Kant and Aristotle would be complement each other. The Role of Happiness in Kant’s Ethics ous, joyful feeling associated with living a moral life. Happiness is simply ing for happiness will not result in finding happiness.

For this reason, Kant says that happiness cannot be the moral purpose of .

Happiness or duty: aristotle and kants approach on moral reason essay
Rated 0/5 based on 67 review