Using the United Kingdom National Child Development Study, the analysis deals with the problems of reverse causality and measurement error by instrumental variable methods. I find that MMC had limited impacts on newborn health, measured by in-hospital mortality and hospital readmission.
Fixed effects panel data models are used to control for time-invariant individual heterogeneity. The final chapter of this dissertation, written with Patrick Gourley, focuses on how resource booms can lead to changes in incidences of local crime.
This effect is stronger when husbands are the primary earners, and couples are relatively poorer. Using a novel panel data set that tracks individuals as they participate in very short-term ISAs — we find evidence of both issues, with a relatively larger decline in earnings due to moral hazard.
For health, child labor has an adverse consequence in the long run. The more outgoing and the less imaginative a person is, the more likely he works in a managerial occupation, but the less likely in a non-manual occupation.
Second, I exploit county-level rollout of the MMC mandate to examine impacts on the full population of infants using a difference-in-difference design.
I analyze the universe of inpatient discharge records across New York State fromtotaling 4. The cost difference is driven by birth hospitals retaining more newborns enrolled in FFS while transferring away those enrolled in MMC.
This dissertation aims to understand the determinants of efficient delivery of public programs, focusing on disadvantaged subpopulations. In the second chapter I investigate how the relationship between employer- and employee-type affects the probability of being hired by a particular firm; type is determined by the reputation of the college that the employee or employer attended.
All three chapters try to answer one question: Further, this probability increases as the opportunity cost of making a hiring decision increases. Tony Cookson Abstract This dissertation examines three topics in applied microeconomics.
Chapter 1 investigates the effects of multidimensional personality traits on employment status, occupational choice and earnings. DescriptionThis dissertation contains three chapters in applied microeconomics. Using a regression discontinuity design, I find that newborns enrolled in MMC stayed fewer days in hospitals and thus had less expensive visits relative to newborns enrolled in FFS.
As for the schooling effect, the earlier one enters the labor market, the fewer years of schooling he obtains. Hospitals tended to transfer out MMC newborns only when a high-quality hospital was nearby, which resulted in these infants receiving uncompromised care.
The third chapter focuses on heterogeneity in grade retention decisions in New York City public schools. The analysis leads to the following conclusions.i Three Essays in Applied Microeconomics by Xiaohui Guo Presented to the Graduate and Research Committee of Lehigh University in Candidacy for the Degree of.
Three Essays in Applied Microeconomics by Xuelian Zhang A Dissertation submitted to the Graduate School-New Brunswick Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. This dissertation consists of three essays in applied microeconomics. Each chapter covers a large category of public spending in the US: (1) health care; (2) social insurance; and (3) education.
This dissertation aims to understand the determinants of efficient delivery of public programs, focusing. Abstract. This dissertation examines three topics in applied microeconomics.
In the first two chapters, novel data sets are used to explore two labor economics topics – how worker output varies under an alternative payment scheme, and the effect of discrimination on the prospect of being hired.
Chapter 2 of this dissertation shows that parents' liquidity constraints have significant negative effects on children's cognitive skills. To control for potential bias due to the endogeneity of liquidity constraints, this chapter instruments the liquidity constraints with past rainfall volatility, current rainfall shocks, and the existence in the community of.
Description This dissertation contains three chapters in applied microeconomics. All three chapters try to answer one question: what factors determine labor market outcomes like employment probability, occupational choice and earnings?Download