Ranges of years beginning in AD have their own rules: All numbers below 10 should be written out in word form. Finally, in APA style consistency in presentation is key even if it means bending transposing numbers when writing apa rules. The sixth edition does not contain that rule, so the general rule about expressing numbers 10 and above with numerals and below 10 with words holds.
For example, you would write "6 out of 10 dentists preferred the last treatment" instead of "six out of APA Style, on the other hand, generally uses words for numbers below 10 and numerals for numbers 10 and above.
The fifth edition required that when numbers below 10 are grouped for comparison with numbers 10 and above within the same paragraph, all numbers so grouped would be expressed in numerals. However, a reader asked that we cover another difference between the two styles: This general rule was altered slightly from the fifth to the sixth edition of the Publication Manual.
Most Common Rule The most common and frequently used rule for writing numbers in APA style is determined by whether the number is under Use numerals to express units of time, dates, ages, and numbers that denote a specific place in a numbered series see section 4.
Many APA rules also help save space because the rules seek to increase clarity in presentation. Below we expand on those that Onwuegbuzie and colleagues found to be especially challenging.
However, the MLA Handbook further notes that science writers frequently use numerals for various kinds of data, such as units of measurement and statistical expressions, regardless of size. For example, numbers like four or seven. In ranges of numbers, MLA Style includes the entire second number for numbers up to 99 ; ; but uses only the last two digits of the second number for larger numbers, unless more are needed ; ; 2,; 5, There is also a new exception in the sixth edition—that words should be used to express units of time when those units are approximate: Otherwise, both numbers should be fully written out ; Be sure to also check out our series of posts on numbers and metrication and our FAQ page on when to express numbers as words.
Numbers By David Becker So far we have covered the general differences between MLA and APA styles and reviewed how their rules differ when creating in-text citations and reference list entries.How to Write Numbers in APA Style Style guidelines from the American Psychological Association (APA) help writers maintain a uniform way of writing.
Because APA style is used for scientific and clinical writing, numbers are often included. Provides APA Style guidelines on when to express numbers as words instead of numerals.
Writing Process and Structure; Improving Your Writing Style; APA Usage and Style Guidelines Abbreviations. APA rules for abbreviations state: Acronyms and abbreviations must be spelled out completely on initial appearance in text.
Comparing MLA and APA: Numbers By David Becker So far we have covered the general differences between MLA and APA styles and reviewed how their rules differ when creating in-text citations and reference list entries. Using APA Style in Academic Writing: Words or Numerals?
Dec 22, by Jeff Hume-Pratuch.
What’s the number one problem area for writers in APA Style? Numbers! Whether it’s spelling them out or writing them as numerals, numbers are a common source of errors in research papers. This is surprising in a way, because the basic. The fifth edition required that when numbers below 10 are grouped for comparison with numbers 10 and above within the same paragraph, all numbers so grouped would be expressed in numerals.
However, per the sixth edition, the general rule holds regardless of items that are grouped for comparison.Download